In September 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (the 2030 Agenda) was adopted by all 193 Members States of the United Nations (UN). The 2030 Agenda aims to deliver a more sustainable, prosperous and peaceful future, and sets out a framework for how to achieve this by 2030.
The framework, which builds on Millennium Declaration and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), is made up of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) covering the social, economic and environmental requirements for a sustainable future. The SDGs apply equally to every country, and are based on the idea that ending poverty, protecting the environment and strengthening human rights are mutually beneficial, reliant on each other for success, and cannot be achieved separately.
The SDGs are not legally binding; however, governments are expected to take ownership and establish national frameworks for the achievement of the 17 Goals. Countries have the primary responsibility for follow-up and review of the progress made in implementing the Goals, which will require quality, accessible and timely data collection. Regional follow-up and review will be based on national-level analyses and contribute to follow-up and review at the global level.